Definition of Land Grading
Before undertaking any hardscaping or landscaping projects, you may have to “grade” the designated area. But what exactly is “land grading,” and why is it so important for hardscaping and landscaping?
Land grading is actually not a complicated concept— it’s merely the leveling of a surface. Dirt from higher levels of the ground is moved into the lower-lying areas in order to create an even-leveled surface to serve as the foundation for your project. Other times, land grading may require you to use dirt outside of the designated location to complete the job.
Depending on the desired effect, land may be graded either sloped or flat. If you’re looking to build a stone walkway, for example, you’ll probably want a flat surface on which to lay the stone. But if you’re looking to siphon rainwater away from your house, you’ll likely want to grade the land on a slope that will allow water to run down and away from your home.
Some Types of Land Grading
Each piece of land differs with regard to its soil makeup, natural grading, and vegetation. With that being said, each property owner also has different visions and goals for their land. Because of this, there are several different types of land grading.
Excavating is the process of digging downward to create a low-lying piece of land, for something like the foundation of a structure or road.
Proper drainage is an essential part of any project. The way it can be accomplished is by grading the land on a downward slope to carry water downhill and into a stream.
Sometimes, there just isn’t enough dirt in a given area to grade the land as originally designed, so it may be necessary to install a layer of topsoil. Aside from being useful for certain grading projects, topsoil also provides a foundation of healthy soil for shrubbery and plants to grow.